The southern tip of the valley has interior drainage and thus is not technically part of the valley at all. Areas such as the Antelope Valley desert which is a high desert received snow each year, in the past it could snow 2–3 times a year; however, recently snow level has declined significantly to once a year or less. San Francisco is decidedly a Northern California city and Los Angeles likewise a Southern California one, but areas in between do not often share their confidence in geographic identity. Here are seven facts about California that you might not know. The highest point of the range is Mount San Gorgonio at 11,499 feet (3,505 m). [1] The states of Nevada and Utah, also originally part of Alta California, also use that line for their northern boundaries. Capital Sacramento. California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 25, 2020 11:37:25 PM ET California's Central Valley is a large, flat valley that covers approximately 22,500 square miles at the heart of the state. The state also has famous valleys like the agriculturally productive Central Valley and the wine-growing Napa Valley. California is home to many tourist attractions including Disneyland, the San Diego Zoo, Lego Land, and Yosemite National Park. California covers 163,707 square miles, making it the third largest of the 50 states. When the air passes over the mountains, adiabatic cooling causes most water in the air to rain on the mountains. California has been inhabited for thousands of years. [4], The Cascade Range is a mountainous region stretching from the Fraser River in British Columbia, Canada down to south of Lassen Peak, California. Besides Shasta, there are four other historically active volcanoes: Glass Mountain on the Medicine Lake Vocano, Lassen Peak, Chaos Crags, and Cinder Cone. 1. Southern California is separated from the rest of the state by the east–west trending Transverse Ranges, including the Tehachapi, which separate the Central Valley from the Mojave Desert. Los Angeles lies on a hilly coastal plain with the Pacific Ocean as its southern and western boundaries. The Sierra Nevada, the fertile farmlands of the Central Valley, and the arid Mojave Desert of the south are some of the major geographic features of this U.S. state. Mount Whitney is in the Sierra Nevada mountains. In the eastern part of the state, below the Sierra Nevada, there is a series of dry lake beds that were filled with water during the last ice age (fed by ice melt from alpine glaciers but never directly affected by glaciation; see pluvial). California, constituent state of the United States of America. Fun Facts. Highest Point: The highest point in California is Mt. California – it’s inspired countless songs, movies, and shows due to its storied history and innovative spirit. About The State of California – Geography Facts History. The San Gabriel Mountains have Mount Wilson observatory, where the redshift was discovered in the 1920s. The Klamath Mountains are in the state’s northwest corner. Geography. It is also home to both the highest (Mount Whitney) and lowest (Death Valley) points in the 48 contiguous states. In California, you can travel between both the lowest and highest points in the continental U.S.—Death Valley and Mt. You can drive through a giant Redwood tree in California's Kings Canyon. The Sierra Nevada, the fertile farmlands of the Central Valley, and the arid Mojave Desert of the south are some of the major geographic features of this U.S. state. Here are seven facts about California that you might not know. The Mojave Desert is bounded by the peninsular Tehachapi Mountains on the Northwest, together with the San Gabriel and the San Bernardino Mountains on the Southwest. The central part of the state has the Central Valley. Steep slopes and unstable soil make certain locations vulnerable to landslides in wet weather or during earthquakes. It is the most populated U.S. state, home to one out of eight people who live in the U.S. With a total of 38 million people, and it is the third largest state by area. The whole Central Valley is watered by mountain-fed rivers (notably the San Joaquin, Kings, and Sacramento) that drain to the San Francisco Bay system. A series of low mountains known as the Coast Ranges extends along the 1,200-mi (1,930-km) coast. Today, California is the most populous state in the U.S. For reference, Most of California's population is clustered within one of three major. Covering an area of 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km2), California is among the most geographically diverse states. California's coastline is about 840 miles long, the third longest coastline in the United States after Alaska and Florida. Last updated: July 9, 2020. California is bordered to the north by Oregon, to the east by Nevada, to the southeast by Arizona, to the south by Mexico and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Learn Geography of California facts for kids. Geographical Region: West Size: 163707 sq.mi., 3rd rank overall. 9 Fun Facts About California . The Turkish-held area declared itself the california geography facts of Northern Cyprus in 1983, but it is almost impossible to answer questions based on what they can teach their babies all sorts of things. Let’s take a look at a few fun facts about California for you … It is expected, through the motions of plate tectonics that the sea floor spreading now acting in the Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez) will eventually extend through Southern California and along the San Andreas fault to below San Francisco, finally forming a long island in less than 150 million years. Whitney) and the lowest point (Death Valley) in the continental United States. … The eastern and south-eastern boundaries were decided upon during the debates of the California Constitutional Convention in 1849. By the 1850s, California had a large population as a result of the Gold Rush and on September 9, 1850, California was admitted into the United States. Here are 10 key geography facts about California. Summers are very warm, with cool evenings, while the spring and autumn months are mild, with cool evenings. Facts about California, including the capital, number of electoral votes, state symbols, popular tourist attractions, famous people, sports teams, fun facts, and more. The Liebre Mountains occupy the northwest corner of Los Angeles County, and represent a northwestern extension of the San Gabriel Mountains, both on the Pacific Plate side of the San Andreas Fault. The Great Chilean earthquake tsunami (1960) killed one person and caused $500,000 to $1,000,000 dollars of damage in Los Angeles, damaged harbors in many coastal cities, and flooded streets in Crescent City. The geography of California changes a lot depending on the place. Geographical Region: West Size: 163707 sq.mi., 3rd rank overall. California is home to the “Avocado Capital of the World.” Every year, Fallbrook holds an avocado festival to celebrate. From that point, 14 mi (23 km) south-southwest of Davis Dam on Lake Mohave, the southeast boundary follows the Colorado River to the international border west of Yuma. In the east of the state lies the Sierra Nevada, which runs north–south for 400 miles (640 km). California is bordered by the Pacific Ocean in the west, Oregon in the north, Nevada and Arizona in the east, and Mexico in the south. California Geography Basic Facts. The following is a list of ten geographic facts to know about the state of California: Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. The Mojave Desert also contains the lowest, hottest place in the Americas: Death Valley, where temperature normally approaches 120 °F (49 °C), in late July and early August. From Sacramento down to the Mexican border, California is a West-coast US state that’s famous for its sunshine, its mountains, its desert and its film industry. California is a geographically diverse area of the USA. California became a U.S. territory in 1847 when Mexico surrendered it to John C. Frémont. California Geography: The Land Geography and Landforms of California. Tweet This. Northern California's economy is noted for being the de facto world leader in industries such as high technology (both software and semiconductor), as well as being known for clean power, biomedical, government, and finance. 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