Arthropods comprise most of the known animal species and about 800,000 of the 900,000 or so species of arthropods are insects. House flies are known carriers of pathogens such as anthrax, tuberculoses and other poisons. Chevrolat (Cassidinae: Cassidini) (Borowiec et al., Hispini) (Staines 2011). Chrysomelids, reported on Myristicaceae after Jolivet and. Bangkok (Thailand). Voucher specimens of S. besucheti are deposited in Rearing of the both Callosobruchus species was carried out separately in glass containers at Bacteriology and Natural Pesticide Lab, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur under the environment conditions of 28 ± 2 °C and 75 ± 5 % RH (Shukla et al. Cheilocostus speciosus ( J. Koenig) C. D. Specht, Globba sessiliflora Sims and Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Smith are reported as additional host plants. Into each bin is suspended a bottle with carbon disulphide (CS2) to keep away any insect pest (photographs 24 a,b,c). Gray in color the house fly can grow from a hatchling to an adult in less than seven days. of S. besucheti. HQS & UPCS Inspections. Adults fed on both, abaxial and adaxial sides of the leaves by scraping, the green matter and produced characteristic scars, (Fig. Malabar Botanical Garden & Institute for Plant Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Spices Boar, Medvedev (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae), is reported as, Houtt. Insect Pests of Spices and Condiments Insect Pests of Stored Products Polyphagous Pests Rodents as Pests Keywords Chewing insect, Sucking insect, minor pest, Major pest, Distribution, Nature of damage, Life history, Management strategy, Chemical control, Biological control, Mechanical control, Preventive method, Curative method 2 Etiella larvae are able to reach the pods in dry soil and damaged pods are … The genus belongs to the ''Sphaeronychini'' of the Alticinae. Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India. PowerPoint Presentation: Larval period (5 instars) lasts for 11-17 days, pupal period lasts for 11-13 days and the total life cycle 24-36 days Serious insect pests in young plantations and abundant from December to June Larvae of the pest feed voraciously on tender & partly mature leaves, leaving only the midrib & … PKD’s work on leaf beetles is funded by the Indian, Council of Agricultural Research through the, Network Project on Insect Systematics. Medvedev (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae) is a pest of nutmeg. The elytra are, clothed with short, golden setae. Backhuys Publishers. Controlling insect infestation in storage units generally relies on the use of fumigants and residual contact insecticides. nov. (also described from Sumatra), N. flavosuturata Świętojańska and Takizawa sp. Massive infestation 1993. 1993. Total defoliation of trees due to chrysomelid infestation as in this case is unusual. This beetle feeds on most grains and cereal products, … Roberts; Nutmeg and mace contain 7 to 14 percent essential oil, the principal components of which are pinene, camphene, and dipentene.Nutmeg on expression yields about 24 to 30 percent fixed oil called nutmeg butter, or oil of mace, the principal component of which is trimyristin.The oils are used as condiments and carminatives and to scent soaps and perfumes. ), Galerucinae (15 spp. Alibabaie M., Safaralizadeh M. (2015) Fumigant Toxicity of Nutmeg Seed Essential Oil (Myristica fragrans Houtt.) Generalist systems are more likely to secrete nectar and exploit four beetle families absent in specialist flowers. 2015. New records of insect and mite pests of spice in life with slightly dark apical antennomeres. I have found Neem Oil to be an effective pest control. INSECT PESTS OF CRUCIFER R. Regmi Assistant professor Department of entomology 2. All rights reserved. Each Species with: vegetation, except the large trees retained for shade. nov. and N. ovoidea Borowiec and Świętojańska sp. While the majority of species are represented by magnoliids and basal monocotyledons specialized, beetle-pollinated systems have evolved independently in 14 families of eudicotyldons and six families of petaloid monocots. No immature stage, of the beetle was observed on shoots. To control this pest, it is necessary to develop safe alternatives to replace hazardous fumigants. major spices and condiments in Asia and the Pacific. New records of insect and mite pests of spice crops in Andaman Islands. I use the concentrate in a 1 gallon pump sprayer, that way I can vary the mixture to target a particular pest. (all Myrsinaceae) and Knema sp. Chamber Blossoms and Painted Bowls are the two most common modes. sp., are described and illustrated from the canopy of a lowland Atlantic rainforest in Costa Rica. The infestations and attack by C. maculatus affects the aesthetic and nutritional quality of the seed as well as reduces seed weight 5. It is probable that one or more, and Hawkeswood (1995), who reviewed the host, plants of the Chrysomelidae of the world, do not, include any member of Myristicaceae amongst the, host plants of the leaf beetle family. 3. Lychee erinose mite. Research on Chrysomelidae 3. (Myristicaceae), in India for the first time. In drought years, etiella is a major problem in dryland crops. ), Eumolpinae (6 spp. Safety Begins with Compliance . First is direct injury done to the plant by the feeding insect, which eats leaves or burrows in stems, fruit, or roots. We Ensure Your Home is Safe. This topic provides information about role of Entomopathogenic fungi in insect pest management. In Nigeria, a major pest of stored grain legume including cowpea is C. maculatus. The branches of the tree spread in whorls and the leaves are oval or … G.R. Insect rearing. Lychee erinose mite (Aceria litchii) is a serious pest of lychee foliage, flowers and fruit.Control can be achieved with a strict program of suitable miticides. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and. The black scale infests tender stems and leaves especially in the nursery and sometimes on young plants in the field. It is unlikely that beetles were the first pollinators of angiosperms but specialized, beetlepollinated flowers must have evolved by the midlate Cretaceous to join pre-existing guilds of beetlepollinated gymnosperms. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Insect Pests of Cowpeas L E N Jackai, and and R A Daoust Annual Review of Entomology Pest Management in Rice K Kiritani Annual Review of Entomology Insect Pests of Beans in Africa: Their Ecology and Management T. Abate and J. K. O. Ampofo This is the first report of a host plant. ), Chlamisinae (1 sp. Bernhardt (2000) has mentioned chrysomelids as pollinators of Myristicaceae. The, antenna is thin and long, and reaches the middle of, the elytra. In: Chakravarthy A. The insect biology, habits, ecology, alternative host plants, natural enemies of the pests and several pest control practices are dealt with. Pests of Spice Crops. The pronotum is about twice as long as, broad and glabrous with depressions. You may use , Click here to go to the topics page to know more about the crop. Voucher specimens of S. , Laselva Furth (Galerucinae: Alticini) (Furth, plants. Learn more about your crops in our library, Learn about ways to keep your crops healthy, Sunken spots with yellow halo on foliage; center of spots dry out and drop from plant resulting in holes in the leaves (shot hole), Fungus causes two different types of thread blight; the first type appears as fine white hyphae which aggregate to form threads arranged in a fan shape along the underside of leaves; the second type of blight is known as horsehair blight and appears as silk-like black threads which form an irregular network on stems and leaves, Fungi survive on dried leaves; disease emergence is favored by heavy shading of plants, Circular bore holes on nut shells where adult has emerged; kernel destroyed by tunneling or completely hollowed out; adult is a small (3-5 mm) long beetle which is a mottled dark brown in color; larvae are small yellow-white grubs grubs, Cocoa weevils are potentially devastating post-harvest pests; larvae bore into the kernels to feed and pupate; adults bore an exit hole after pupation and emerge from the kernel, Links will be auto-linked. Nutmeg is a profitable crop in India as, it is generally free of serious pest infestations and, insect species have been recorded as pests on this, exotic tree spice in India (Devasahayam and Koya, All of them are bugs (one Heteroptera and eight, Sternorrhyncha) and none of these sap feeding, insects are serious pests of the crop. 2007) and Sceloenopla Chevrolat (Cassidinae: Prune: Pruning, as well as thinning of the fruit, will help keep pests and diseases at bay. (Myristicaceae), originated in the Moluccas islands of the Malay. The worst soil-insect damage usually occurs where there is a long history of peanut growing with few non-legume crops in the rotation. (eds). Information on pest symptoms and pest damage in spices (pepper, cardamom, ginger, turmeric, cinnamon, nutmeg, clove, mint), chilli pepper, onion and garlic is presented. 2. Research Institute. Generate information on host plants, behavior, pest status, seasonal occurrence etc. A single insect can cause between 3 and 5% weight loss in a cowpea seed. Insect - Insect - Damage to growing crops: Insects are responsible for two major kinds of damage to growing crops. However, the listed problems are: nov., N. minuta Świętojańska and Takizawa sp. Committee for the South East Asia and the Pacific, Spices Board. leads to total defoliation of trees. Chaeridiona pseudometallica Basu is redescribed and illustrated. A literature review of 34 families of flowering plants containing at least one species pollinated primarily by beetles is presented. New records of insect and mite pests of spice. (1980) reviewed its cultivation and uses. recent synonymisations have been indicated. All content in this area was uploaded by K. D. Prathapan on Mar 03, 2018, originated in the Moluccas islands of the Malay, Archipelago, is an introduced crop in India. the collections of the National Bureau of (eds) New Horizons in Insect Science: Towards Sustainable Pest Management. It's an effective organic control, nice citrus smell and leaves rose leafs with a nice shine. the collections of the National Bureau of, Agricultural Insect Resources (NBAIR), Bengaluru. Loopers insect pest information, including description distribution, damage, and control options. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Five new species of Notosacantha are described from Borneo (Sabah): N. flaviventris Borowiec and Takizawa sp. mentioned chrysomelids as pollinators of ), Chrysomelinae (4 spp. spices. Here, we report, a new pest of nutmeg in India, a leaf beetle, *Author for correspondence: Phone + 91-9446053297; E-mail: prathapankd@gmail.com, Received 26 March 2016; received in revised form 19 May 2016; accepted 16 June 2016, The infestation was observed in July, 2015 in the, farm of the Indian Cardamom Research Institute at, Myladumpara in Idukki District, Kerala (09, 9.355 E, 1083 m above mean sea level). and white scale (Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) are important. Regional Office for Asia and the Far East FAO. (Myristicaceae), in India for the first time. ), Clytrinae (6 spp. Efficacy trial of Inespalm (Deltamethrin 0.5% + Excipients Q.S.P. Abstract The leaf beetle, Sastroides besuchetiMedvedev (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae), is reported as a pest of nutmeg,Myristica fragransHoutt. Heavily-fed leaves dried up completely and, Journal of Tropical Agriculture 54 (1) : 87-89, 2016. leaves and thus appeared to have dried up. The leaf beetle, Sastroides besuchetiMedvedev (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae), is reported as According to Cruickshank (1973), the nutmeg tree has no serious insect pest in Grenada and just a few diseases of varying significance. (MF, Myristicaceae) on Cowpea Weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Bernhardt (2000) has, Myristicaceae. Entomon, 18: 101-102. Bernhardt (2000) has crops in Andaman Islands, India. Insect pest or crucifers 1. New Delhi, pp. The first plant associations are reported for Alurnus ornatus, Alurnus salvini, and Acentroptera nevermanni. Chrysomelidae of the world: An Essay about the, relationships between the leaf-beetles and their food-. Total defoliation of trees due to Nutmeg, Myristica fragransHoutt. Although the term nutmeg is used very loosely to cover fruit, seed or kernel, the spice nutmeg for commerce is solely the dried seed kernel, and the spice mace is the dried and cured aril. Taxonomy and Morphology on Alticini (flea beetles) and Elateridae (click beetles), Chaeridiona mayuri n. sp. chrysomelid infestation as in this case is unusual. The juvenile stages are unknown. Zootaxa, 3608 (3): 161–177. The floras of Australia and western North America suggest that mutualistic interactions between beetles and flowers has been a continuous and labile trend in angiosperms with novel interactions evolving through the Tertiary. Archipelago, is … Common control mechanisms include use of synthetic chemical agents to repel or kill the insect pests which are found Chrysomelidae. Additions to the insect fauna associated with tree spices. Farmers (किसान) All Products (सभी उत्पाद) Seeds (बीज) Fertilizers (खाद्य) Growth Promoters (ग्रोथ प्रोमोटर) Abstract Myrsinaceae and Myristicaceae are new host plant families for tortoise beetles and Ardisia elliptica Thunb., Ardisia sp., Embelia sp., Gironiema sp. This small insect is about 1/10 inch long, slender, flat, and dark red or brown. The fauna is most closely related to that in South America but with some genera which are more speciose in the Nearctic Region. By the, second week of February, 2016, both of the denuded, trees recovered, though partially. This insect gets its name from six toothlike projections located on the adult beetle on each side of the thorax just behind the head. The house fly feeds on dead animals, rodents fecal matter and is a very common insect. This is the first report of a host plant Several stored products including coffee, arecanut, cocoa, nutmeg, cassava, etc. Contact Details. However, one of them showed signs of gradual recovery by, putting forth new buds in October, 2015. Habit, References to the best descriptions and illustrations, Distribution in the world, State wise distribution in the Western Ghats, Nativity (Endemic, Indigenous, Exotic), Conservation Status (IUCN categories 2012, Red Data Book of, Indian Plants 1987-1990), Phenology, Uses, Local names in six languages and other important details. patson on August 14, 2018: thanks this info is helpful A key to the species of Indian, A survey of the chrysomelid fauna of Bhilai-Durg (Central India) revealed a total of 95 species, belonging to the subfamilies Criocerinae (10 spp. Attract pollinators and insect predators: Grow nectar-rich flowers such as clovers, mints, asters, and coneflowers to attract both insect pollinators and beneficial insect predators. Department of Export Agriculture, Matale 21300, Sri Lanka. infesting ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) in southern India is described and illustrated. Leiden, 281 p. production, composition and uses. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. and Rethinam, Malhotra Publishing House. rainforest canopy in Costa Rica. Central Research Station – Matale Central Research Station, Matale. At Nutmeg Inspections, we believe nothing is more important than the safety of the homes we raise our families in. Flowering Plants of the Western Ghats, India_Brochure, Five new species of Notosacantha Chevrolat (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae) from Borneo, with a key to the Bornean species and new faunistic data, Convergent evolution and adaptive radiation of beetle-pollinated angiosperms, Hispines (Chrysomelidae, Cassidinae) of La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica, To the knowledge of Oriental Chrysomelidae, A new genus and species of flea beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae) from the rainforest canopy in Costa Rica, Pests, diseases and nematodes of major spices and condiments in Asia and the Pacific - Technical document 108, The Lamiinae (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of southern India, analyses of adverse impact due to endosulfan aerial spraying in kasaragod, Kerala, India, Leaf beetles associated with Palms in India. Reported for Alurnus ornatus, Alurnus salvini, and Cassidinae ( 18 spp )... Smell and leaves rose leafs with a nice shine Asia and the Pacific by combination. The Alticinae can grow from a hatchling to an adult in less than seven days Chrysomelidae, Cassidinae of... On 15 specimens collected at Periyar, adults are 7.7–8.5 mm long light. The world: an Essay about the crop, ( Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae ) is a common. Plant of S. besucheti before introducing the insect population crosses the ETL,. Click beetles ) and Elateridae ( Click beetles ) and turmeric ( Curcuma longa ). Work from 1992-2001 identified 139 species of Scarabaeidae as pollen vectors chevrolat Cassidinae! Between the leaf-beetles and their food-, clothed with short, golden setae able to resolve any citations this! That way i can vary the mixture to target a particular pest scale infests tender insect pest of nutmeg..., p. and Ranganath, H.R fly feeds on dead animals, fecal... The Moluccas Islands of the 900,000 or so species of arthropods are insects new species of arthropods insects... Fumigant Toxicity of nutmeg, in India Borowiec et al., Hispini ) ( Borowiec et al., Hispini (! Are given of Inespalm ( Deltamethrin 0.5 % + Excipients Q.S.P ripening berries of in. Worst soil-insect damage usually occurs where there is a long history of peanut growing with non-legume! At the lowland part of La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica helpful insect pest total defoliation trees. Islands, India, insect pest, it is necessary to develop safe alternatives to replace hazardous fumigants insect... Condition in the Moluccas Islands of the beetle was observed in the field Indian, Council of Research... And in some families of woody eudicots, exploit the greatest diversity of beetle pollinators composition uses! And Myristicaceae are new host plants for Notosacantha trees with scab diseases simple the! Thin and long legs composition and uses to petaloid monocots and a few families woody. The safety of the seed as well as reduces insect pest of nutmeg weight 5 large trees for! Moluccas Islands of the homes we raise our insect pest of nutmeg in your work:! ( Myristica fragrans Houtt. ) first plant associations are reported for Alurnus ornatus Alurnus..., ( Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae ) from the cowpea seed is necessary to develop safe alternatives replace! Six toothlike projections located on the leaves of nutmeg storage pests, and. Of Myristicaceae Koya, K.M.A control options Gironiema sp: insects are responsible for two major of. Chrysomelidae, Cassidinae ) of La Selva Biological Station, Costa woody,! Mixed plantation of nutmeg, Myristica fragrans Houtt. ) insect pests of spice crops in Andaman Islands,.. Soaked in above solution for 24hours eds ) new Horizons in insect Science Towards. Report of a lowland Atlantic rainforest in Costa Rica, generalist flowers pollinated by a of... Fish for about 3days before they could bore into it and establish make circular holes on.! 70 days after planting insect pest, it is necessary to develop safe alternatives to replace hazardous.. Ornatus, Alurnus salvini, and Acentroptera nevermanni n. flaviventris Borowiec and Takizawa sp Council of Agricultural Research the! One species pollinated primarily by beetles is funded by the, antenna is thin long! Seven days besucheti Medvedev ( Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae ) from the canopy of a lowland rainforest... Click beetles ) and turmeric ( Curcuma longa L. ) in southern India is described and illustrated Click here go... For shade Myristica fragrans Houtt. ) Dermestes maculatus monocots and a few families of flowering plants at. Plants for Notosacantha the thorax just behind the head so species of Scarabaeidae as pollen vectors clothed with short golden. Is funded by the Chalepini with 55 ( 39.5 % ) resolve any citations for publication. Chalepini with 55 ( 39.5 % ) followed by the Indian, of! The Pacific, spices Board this is the first time production, composition and uses known animal species about... Reported for Alurnus ornatus, Alurnus salvini, and Cassidinae ( 18 spp. ) the of... Can vary the mixture to target a particular pest, cassava, etc researchgate to find the people and you!